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On 5 November, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that insulting a Dalit or tribal person would not amount to an offence in itself, that could be registered under the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act (1989). The abused must prove that they suffered on grounds of their caste or tribal identity.
The focus of this report is to use evidence-based information to highlight the issue of child labour in the sugarcane sector within its key socio-economic intersections such as gender, caste, migration and structural inequalities in the Indian agriculture sector. Children are pushed into hazardous labour due to structural poverty amongst the harvesters, most of whom are Tribals, Adivasi and Dalit. The intersections of migration, debt bondage, gender-based risks and structured social inequalities such as that of Dalits and Adivasis together play a role in making the problem of child labour more complex. All of these cross cutting issues must be kept in mind when addressing child labour in the sugarcane supply chain and in other agricultural crops in India.
“The statistics for Dalits is equally skewed: Over 21.7 percent of convicted inmates, 21 percent undertrials and 18.15 percent detainees in Indian prisons were Dalits. Their share in population is, however, around 16.6 percent.”
Khalid has spoken across India and articulated the dreams of all young Indians. “He staked his claim to the full measure of citizenship, he spoke for all marginal peoples, and above all Umar spoke for peace,”
“Maria Arena, the chief of the panel, said that protests over the Citizenship Amendment Act have led to “arbitrary detentions and an unnecessary loss of life”. She said that journalists and peaceful critics were being arrested under “draconian counter-terrorism and sedition laws”
The central government’s actions ‘mimic that of authoritarian regimes’ that cannot take criticism and target those who speak out, the organisations said.
This report looks at the trends with regards to the atrocities on Dalit's and Adivasis, gaps in the enforcement of the provisions of the Act at each and every stage of justice administrative systems since 2009, and provides recommendations, where state and civil society organizations can intervene.
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