The FEDO quarterly Post Nov-Dec 2021
Gerard Oonk, co-founder and former director of the National India Working Group (LIW), received a ribbon today from the mayor of Utrecht, Sharon Dijksma, during the celebration of the 40th anniversary of Arisa, formerly LIW.
In connection with their participation in the 48 th Human Rights Council session, states are encouraged to consider the ongoing and systemic practice of discrimination based on work and descent, also known as caste-based discrimination, affecting more than 260 million people globally.
The Expert Mechanism on the Right to Development (EMRTD) has identified five themes on which it intends to submit studies to the Human Rights Council during its mandate term. One of these studies is on Racism, racial discrimination and the right to development. Article 5 of the Declaration on the Right to Development enjoinsstates to take resolute steps to eliminate the violations of the human rights of peoples affected by racism and racial discrimination. The elimination of racism is therefore recognized as essential to fulfilling the right to development.
The Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC), a leading human rights organization in the country, documented 5,543 victims of human rights violations in 2020.
Report by CREID Intersections series Religious Inequalities and Gender. Nov 2020. The theme of this special collection of papers, the lived experiences of women who belong to religious minorities, has been a blind spot both in international development policy engagement and in much of the international scholarship on women, security and peace.
On 5 November, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that insulting a Dalit or tribal person would not amount to an offence in itself, that could be registered under the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act (1989). The abused must prove that they suffered on grounds of their caste or tribal identity.
The new report Caste and Development: Tackling Discrimination Based on Work and Descent has just been released by the UK NGO development network BOND, highlighting the urgent need to address caste discrimination in order to progress on the UN Sustainable Development Goals. "Caste affects a fifth of the world’s population but the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) don’t mention it, despite caste-based discrimination being a significant barrier to leaving no one behind. Bond explores this crucial omission in this report and identifies a set of practical actions for policymakers and civil society organisations."
In 2015, seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by world leaders to guide global development agendas for the next 15 years. Yet, to date, the indicators measuring the achievement of the SDGs have not been finalised. On 17-18 November 2016, the Inter-Agency and Expert Group (IAEG) on the SDGs held its 4th meeting, aiming to finalise global development indicators.
Reducing inequality and ’leaving no one behind” are paramount within the SDG framework.The zero draft outcome document of the Post 2015 SDG however gives no recognition to more than a quarter of a billion people discriminated and marginalised on the basis of caste. An SDG appeal has been launched by the Asian Dalit Rights Forum (ADRF) and co-signed by IDSN and dozens of other organisations, urging that caste discrimination be noted as a major cause of poverty and inquality, which must be taken into account in the outcome document.
Marginalized groups in India such as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are making much slower progress than other social groups in the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). How would a post-2015 development framework incorporate their concerns into its strategies and indicators? How would it address the issues of identity-based exclusion and discrimination in countries like India where nearly one-quarter of the population suffers from such social exclusion despite the existence of constitutional safeguards? How should stakeholders such as UN agencies, donor agencies, governments, civil society organizations, NGOs, academia and the private sector engage in post-2015 development goals? This paper argues for a development framework that ensures faster reduction in poverty and inequality for India’s most vulnerable groups; that eliminates all forms of discrimination against them and ensures social inclusion with dignity.