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Key Issues

Dalit Women

At the bottom of South Asia’s caste, class and gender hierarchies, are Dalit women.

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They suffer multiple discrimination – as Dalits, as members of an impoverished underclass and as women.

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Dalit Children

Dalit children are especially vulnerable.

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They often face harrassment, physical abuse and barriers to education, and are key targets of slavery.

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Caste-based slavery

A significant proportion of Dalits find themselves trapped in a vicious cycle of contemporary slavery.

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Forced and bonded labour, is often interlinked with the caste system.

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Caste discrimination in education

lliteracy and drop-out rates among Dalits are very high due to a number of social and physical factors.

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Dalit children face discrimination from students and teachers.

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Access to justice

Caste discrimination  –  and the practice of “untouchability”  –  continues to persist.

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Often with impunity for perpetrators of gross human rights violations.

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Caste & Business

Businesses in caste-affected countries are likely to be based on the economic exploitation of castes.

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Violations of both national legislation as well as international law, often occur.

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Manual Scavenging

Manual scavenging is a caste-based occupation for Dalits.

Only by using basic tools, manual scavengers are removing human excrement.

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Caste-based prostitution

Many Dalit women have been forced into sexual slavery or suffer systematic sexual abuse by dominant castes.

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Most girls and women in India’s urban brothels come from lower-castes.

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Humanitarian aid

Discrimination often become a hindrance to reaching out to Dalits.

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Dalits are particularly vulnerable when disasters strikes and discrimination in Aid delivery must be prevented.

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Political participation

Dalits are often limited from equal and meaningful political participation.

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Their political influence is limited due to their weak economic, social and political position.

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Countries

India

India is home to more than 200 million Dalits.

A Dalit man is made to clean the sewers in India. Photo: Jakob Carlsen

Despite constitutional safeguards &  legislation to protect Dalits, discrimination remains widespread.

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Nepal

Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line.

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According to the official 2011 census, Dalits constitute 13.6 per cent of the total population.

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Pakistan

Dalits in Pakistan are victims to double discrimination due to their religious status.

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Crimes against them are often committed with impunity.

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Bangladesh

The estimates of the number of Dalits in Bangladesh vary from 3.5-5.5 million

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Caste discrimination affects both the Hindu and the Muslim populations in Bangladesh.

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Sri Lanka

Caste descrimination affects four-five million people in Sri Lanka.

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Dalits constitute 83 percent of the total of 3.6 million plantation workers.

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Japan

In Japan caste-based discrimination is discrimination against the Burakumin of Japan.

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They are a minority group, ethnically and linguistically indistinguishable from other Japanese people.

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Yemen

The ‘Untouchable’ group in Yemen is called Al-Akhdam.

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They live at the bottom of the society, facing lack of basic social servicse, education and employment.

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United Kingdom

Dalits tent to bring the caste system with them, when they move and settle in other countries.

UK

It has been estimated that there are at least 250.000 Dalits living in the UK.

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African countries

African caste-affected communities suffer from exclusion from employment and political representation.

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It’s called ‘discrimination based on work and descent.’

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Diaspora communities

South Asians often bring the caste system with them, when they settle in other countries.

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Caste discrimination is common in the United Kingdom as well as in USA.

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